Heart Disease

Heart Disease/Cardiovascular disease-

Heart disease is a broad term used to describe a range of diseases that affect your heart.

Heart disease, such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, and congenital heart disease, is the leading cause of death for men and women in the U.S.

.Heart disease and stroke remain two of the top killers of Americans and pose a significant threat to millions of others, according to the American Heart Association’s Heart Disease and Stroke Statistical Update 2014


  • South Asians suffer heart attacks at an early age. Studies show 50% of Asian men had heart attacks before the age of 50 and 25% before the age of 40.


  • Multiple studies of migrant South Asian populations have confirmed a 3 to 5 times increase in the risk for myocardial infarction and cardiovascular death  as compared with other ethnic groups.(ahajournals.org)


  • Coronary artery disease (CAD) tends to occur earlier in life and in a higher percentage of the population in Asian Indians  than in other ethnic groups (Enas,2002)


  • South Asians are younger at the time of cardiac catheterization than Caucasians yet are more likely to have significant left main, multi-vessel, and distal coronary artery disease.(Can j cardiol,2001)
  • South Asians have increased risks of heart disease compared to Europeans, probably because of increased levels of insulin resistance and associated factors such as inflammation and endothelial dysfunction
  • Among South Asian Indians living in the U.S., Indian women have the highest Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) mortality, 30% higher than Caucasians and 325% higher than the Chinese(Enas,2001)
  • The prevalence of coronary heart disease among South Asians Indians is 4 times higher than the general US population (Enas,2002)
  • About one-third of all first heart attacks among Indians occur in Indians younger than 45, and their heart disease is often as severe as that of older Indians (  Enas,2002)
  • American Southeast Asian Indians typically develop a heart attack 10 years earlier than other populations(ENAS,2002)

Prevention includes quitting smoking, lowering cholesterol, controlling high blood pressure, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising.





  1. Enas,Senthilkumar A. Coronary Artery Disease In Asian Indians:An update and Review. The internet Journal of Cardiology.2001 Volume 1 Number 2.Accessed December 10, 2013.
  2. Enas EA.How to Beat the Heart Disease Epidemic Among South Asians: A Prevention and Management Guide for Asian Indians and Their Doctors. Downers Grove:Advanced Heart Lipid Clinic ,2005. Preview available at http://www.cadiresearch.com. Accessed November 9,2009
  3. EnasEA,Senthilkumar A, Juturu V,Gupta R. Coronary artery disease in women. Indian Heart J 2001, 53:282-292http://www.cadiresearch.com. Accessed November 12,2009